Akbar was the most accomplished ruler and secular emperor of the Mughal period. History of the Mughal period is very big and ancient. Today, we make you aware of Akbar’s history and biography.
Akbar ‘s early life. In 1540, the Mughal emperor was defeated by the Sher Shah Suri in the battle of Humayu Chausa and Kannoj And crushing towards Sindh. He is the teacher of Humayun’s younger brother. Shaikh Ali Akbr Jami 14 years old daughter Hamida got married to Benu Begum. Hamida gave birth to Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbr in Sindh province at the age of 15.
Akbar was born on October 15, 1542.
At the time, his parents were in the custody of Hindu Rana Prasad of Sindh province During the exile of Humayun. Akbar was brought to Kabul and his uncle raised him. He spent his childhood in hunting and war art but never taught to teach. In 1551, Akbar married his uncle Hindal Mirza’s only daughter Rukaiya Sultan Begum Shortly.
after this, Hindal Mirza died during the war. Humayun defeated the son of Sher Shah Suri. son of Islam Shah in 1555 and captured Delhi Shortly. after this, Humayun died. Akbar Guardian, Bairam Khan, put Akbar on Delhi’s throne on 14 February 1556 at the age of 13.
Bairam Khan took over the palace until he became adult and gave Akbr the title of King. Akbar military campaign Suri empire did not fear the little boy. After the death of Humayu. Agra and Delhi were again occupied Under the leadership of Bairam Khan. he raised a front against Sikandar Shah Suri.
At that time, the commander of Sikandar Shah Suri was Hemu. And Akbr army under Bairam Khan defeated Hemu in 1556 in another battle of Panipat. Soon after, the Mughal army occupied Agra and Delhi. Akbar entered the victorious Delhi and stayed there for a month. After that Akbr and Bairam Khan both returned to Punjab where Sikandar Shah was active again.Also Read-Rani Durgavati, Who defeated Akbar army three times in the war.
The next 6 months, the Mughals had won the second major fight against Sikandar Shah Suri. After this Sikandar Shah ran away to Bengal. Akbr’s army had captured Lahore and Punjab in present day. Pakistan Akbar defeated Rajputana rulers and captured Ajmer. And after this. The Gwalior Fort also defeated the Suri army and captured it Under the rule of Akbar. queen of the Mughal family was brought to Kabul from India.
Akbar did what his grandfather Babur and his father could not do In 1559.
the Mughals crushed Rajpootana and Malwa Due to controversy with Akbr’s own guardian Bairam Khan. he stopped him for the expansion of the empire. At the age of 18, the young king began to show interest in the works of Rajpat Akbar came under the influence of his relatives to Bairam Khan in 1560 Ordered to expel and go to Haj to Mecca.
Bairam Khan left for Mecca But in the streets, in the seduction led enemy became revolutionary Bairam Khan attacked the Mughal army in Punjab. But defeated and had to surrender Akbr still forgave him And gave him the option of going to Mecca. which he accepted While going to Mecca, an Afghan killed him for personal revenge In 1560. know More–Peshwa Bajirao, Who has not lost a single battle in his life.
Akbr again started military operations Akbar’s religion brother Adham Khan and Mughal general Pire Muhammad Khan invaded Malwa In the battle of Sarangpur. Afghan governor Baz Bahadur was defeated and Khandesh ran away. Akbar captured Malwa And Baj Bahadur served Akbar for many years In 1562.
Adam Khan had a dispute with Akbar And Akbar dropped him down from the roof of his palace in Agra To ensure his death. he again threw Adam Khan over Akbr made many rules and laws in his discipline. A lot of revolutionaries tried to revolt against Akbar but Akbar had killed him In 1564.
the Mughal army occupied the state of Gondwana Akbar’s empire and death Akbr’s next military campaign was Bengal and Gujarat In 1572. he had occupied Gujarat’s capital, Ahmedabad After taking possession of Gujarat.
returning to Fatehpur Sikri.
He made the Elevated door in view of his victory In 1593. Akbar launched a military campaign against the Sultans of Deccan. Akbar captured the fort of Assirgarh in Bahrainpur Before his death in 1605. he had spread his empire to the Bay of Bengal. After three weeks of sickness due to dysentery, Akbar died .
Akbar Graves were made in Agra Construction work of Akbar Mughal architecture was a mixture of Hindu and Muslim architecture. Akbar made many buildings with the mixture of these two Akbar had his own way of constructing From which he made Building. Read Next–Alauddin khilji was the most powerful ruler of Khilji Dynasty.
The house, Palace, mosques, Grave and forts Akbr first built the fort of Agra. The two gates of this fort are Delhi Gate and Amar Singh Gate. Akbar has built more than 50 buildings with red stones Some of which is still there and some have disappeared. Among them Akbari Mahal and Jahangir Mahal were constructed in the same way.
After this he built the fort of Lahore and the fort of Allahabad. The most beautiful sampling of his architecture was Fatehpur Sikri Which he had made his capital. Akbr took 11 years to complete this deserted place. This city was made from the three sides on the walls and on one side the artificial lake. This wall has 9 doors and its main gate is Agra Gate.
He also constructed the Elevated Door which is made of marble and sandstone Diwan-e-khas is also its famous building Akbr constructed several Sarai to help the poor. Apart from this, many schools and places of worship were constructed.