Biography and History of Shivaji. Let’s start Shivaji Bhosale, who is known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj An Indian. was a Warrior and a member of the Maratha dynasty. Shivaji did not accept the supremacy of the Adilshahi Sultanate and fought many of them.
Shivaji Maharaj won many battles with Guerrilla system. They are also considered as proto-nationalists and heroes of Hindus In 1674. the coronation of Shivaji Maharaj became and he got the title of Chhatrapati.
Let’s read his biography in detail Early life of Shivaji Maharaj.
Shivaji Maharaj was born in 1627 in Shivneri fort in Junar city of Pune district. There is a debate on their birthday. But Maharashtra Government has accepted his birthday on February 19, 1630. His mother named him Shivaji on the name of Lord Shivay. who kept praying for a healthy family.
Shivaji Bhosle, father of Shivaji Maharaj was a Maratha general. who used to work for the Deccan Sultanate Shivaji Maharaj mother Jijabai was the daughter of Lakhooji Rao Jadhav of Sindhkhed. At the time of Shivaji’s birth, Deccan’s power was in three Islamic Sultanate Bijapur, Ahmednagar and Golconda. Shahaji often used to change his loyalty between the Nizamshahi.
Adilshah and the Mughals But he always kept his manor in Pune. and he had a small army with him. Shivaji Maharaj was very devoted to his mother Jijabai who was very religious. The religious atmosphere had a profound influence on Shivaji. Because of which Shivaji Maharaj has written the great Hindu texts like Ramayana And Mahabharat stories.
also listen to his mother Because of these two texts he continued to defend Hindu values for life. During this time Shahaji married another And with his second wife Tukabai. Shahaji went to Adalshah for military campaigns in Karnataka. He left Shivaji and Jijabai and made his protector Dadoji Konande.
Dadoji taught Shivaji the basic fighting techniques such as horse riding, fencing and shooting. Shivaji was an ardent warrior since childhood. However, due to this he was given only formal education in which he could not read the writing But even then he was well remembered by them. Shivaji united his trusted friends and army from the Maval region Shivaji Maharaj with Maval peers.
Shivaji strengthening himself And for the knowledge of their motherland. they used to roam the hills and forests of Sahyadri Range. So that he can be prepared for military efforts. Shivaji was taken to Bangalore at the age of 12. Where his senior brother Sambhaji and his step brother were already formally trained.
Shivaji Maharaj was married to Sibai of Nimbalkar family in 1640.
In 1645, Kishore Shivaji first manifested the concept of Hindavi Swarajya. before Lord Narada Naras Shivaji’s struggle with the Adilshahi Sultanate In 1645. at the age of 15, Shivaji Maharaj gave the Adilshah army an instruction to attack Torna fort won. the attack Firangoji Narsaa accepted Shivaji’s allegiance. And Shivaji captured the fort of Kondana.
Some facts tell us that Shahaji was released on this condition in 1649. That Shivaji and Sambhaji leave the fort of Kondana. But some facts tell Shahaji in imprisonment from 1653 to 1655. After the release of Shahaji, he was discharged from public life. and during the hunting, he died around 1645.
After the death of father Shivaji Maharaj attacked Again, In 1656. the empire of Jawali was captured by neighboring Maratha chief In 1659. Adilshah sent an experienced and legendary commander Afzal Khan to destroy Shivaji Maharaj. So that they will reduce regional rebellion On November 10, 1659.
they met in a cottage on the foothills of Pratapgad Fort. Such a decree was made that both will come with only one sword Shivaji doubted that Afzal Khan would come up with a strategy to attack him. Therefore, Shivaji hides his armor under his clothes. a hidden tiger hidden on the right arm And bring a Skewer in the left hand According to the facts.
one of the two first struck, In the Maratha history. Afzal Khan has been described as a betrayer While in Parsi history . Shivaji is described as treacherous In this fight. Afzal Khan’s dash was stopped in Shivaji’s armor And Shivaji’s weapon. Tiger Nakail made so many deadly wounds on Afzal Khan. that he died After this Shivaji ordered his hideout to attack Bijapur In 10 November 1659.
Battle of Pratapgarh In which Shivaji army defeated the army of the Sultanate of Bijapur. The aggressive Maratha, Infantry and horseman started attacking Bijapur. And even before the cavalry army of Bijapur invaded Maratha army pushed back Bijapur army. 3000 soldiers of Bijapur army were killed and Afzal Khan’s two sons were taken captive.
With this bravery Shivaji Marathe became a hero. and great hero in folk song Maratha army with a large number of seized weapons, horses, And other military equipment. The Maratha army became stronger Mughal emperor Aurangzeb considered Shivaji a big threat to the Mughal empire In 1660.
Adilshah, his new general, Siddi Jauhar Alliance with Mughlo made preparations for the attack. At that time Shivaji’s army was camping in Panhala present-day Kolhapur. The army of Siddi Johar surrounded Shivaji’s army. while closing the supply routes from the fort. During the bombing of Panhala. Siddi Jauhar extended his war capacity Bought grenades from the British Also.
some British gunners were also appointed to carry out some bombing. Shivaji became angry with this alleged betrayal Because they had looted grenades from an English factory in Rajapur In 1666. Aurangzeb called Shivaji with his nine year old son, Sambhaji. in Agra Aurangzeb had plans to send Shivaji to Kandahar. So that he could unite the Mughal empire in the Northwest Frontier On May 12, 1666.
More About-History of india, the ancient history.
Aurangzeb asked Shivaji to stand behind his manners in the court. Shivaji Maharaj considered it as his insult and rage at the court in anger. he was immediately arrested by Kotwal of Agra. Shivaji now has enough land and wealth from his military operations But they did not get any formal title yet.
The title of a king could have prevented them from coming to the challenge. Shivaji was given the title of Raja of Maratha in Raigad Panditas coronated with the holy water of seven rivers After consecration. Shivaji took blessings from Jijabai About 5000 people of Raigad had gathered in that ceremony .Shivaji was also given the title of Chhatrapati.
Jijabai died after some days of coronation. The coronation was done for the second time. considering it as an ominous Victory in Southern India. and the last days of Shivaji In the beginning of 1674, Marathas launched an aggressive campaign and attacked Khandesh Bijapuri Ponda.
Karwar and Kolhapur were captured After this. Shivaji Maharaj sent a large army to South India and won the Adilshahi fort. mahraj shivaji Reconciliation to deal with his Stepbrother Venkoji But he failed. therefore defeated him while returning from Raigad and captured most of Mysore’s parts In 1680.
Shivaji fell sick and left the world at the age of 52.
After Shivaji’s death, His wife Soyarabai planned to put his son Rajaram on the throne Instead of Sambhaji Maharaj. ten years old Rajaram was placed on the throne However, Sambhaji, after killing the commander, took possession of Raigad Fort and sat on the throne himself.
Sambhaji Maharaj sent Rajaram, his wife Janaki Bai to jail And mother Soyarabai hanged on conspiracy charges. Sambhaji Maharaj then fought for the Marathas for many years as a brave warrior. Marathas fought a war against Mughals for 27 years after Shivaji’s death And finally defeated the Mughals.
After this the British had ended the Maratha empire.