Uttar pradesh tourism and history

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

Uttar pradesh tourism and history.

A state which boasts of its domestic tourist arrival of 71 million.. Yes.. The state that is the birthland of great personalities like Saint Kabir, Tulsi and Premchand. So without wasting time on riddles, let me tell you that the state is none other than Uttar Pradesh.  location of this state on Map Uttar Pradesh is located in the north-central area of India.

The state is boxed by Rajasthan to the west,

Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Delhi to the northwest. Uttarakhand and Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east. Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast . This state was established on 1st April 1937 under the British empire.

and  its name got changed from North West Province United Province of Agra and Awadh and finally. On January 26th, 1950, the state was given its present name, ‘Uttar Pradesh’. which means Northern State. In the year 1920, UP’s capital got changed Allahabad to Lucknow.

This town is additionally referred to as town of Nawabs. The religious composition of this state is as follows it consists of 80% Hindus. and the rest 20% is divided among Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Jainism, and Buddhists. ‘Hindi’ is the official language. whereas ‘Urdu’ is the 2nd official language.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

U.P. is also known for its religious significance.

It is the birthplace of Lord ‘Ram’ and ‘Krishna. as in ‘Mathura’ and ‘Ayodhya’ respectively, Buddhism and Jainism also started from this land. There are altogether 31 rivers flowing through this state. out of which Ganga is the largest and the other main rivers are Ghaghara, Yamuna, Betwa, Chambal, Ghaghara, Sarayu, and Gomti.

Nature

it is rich in medicinal plants and Babool trees. Wildlife sanctuaries are scattered all over the state. where you can find various animals. such as Tigers, Elephants, Boars, Antelopes, Deer, Rhinos, Ghariyaal Chinkara, and snakes In terms of birds.

Uttar Pradesh is home to various species. such as Painted Storks, Black and White-necked Storks, Saras Cranes, nice Indian Horned-owl. Jungle bird of night Colorful woodpeckers, Barbets, Kingfishers, Bee-eaters, and Bulbuls.

The travel and tourism list is also a pretty long one. One of the 7 wonders of the world – Tak Mahal lies in the city of Agra. that attracts tourist all over the world. One of the 20 oldest cities of the world and also known as the Spiritual capital of India.


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Banaras or Varanasi or Kashi is known for its temples especially.

the Kashi Vishwanath temple. Besides this, the other temples are of Kaal Bhairav and Annapurna. Do you know that 40 km away from the capital city of Lucknow. there lies a tree named Parijat and its flowers change colors every single day.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

The city of Allahabad (Prayagraj) hosts the Kumbh Mela.

that holds the record for the largest people gathering of nearly 12 crores. Besides, ‘Fatehpur Sikri’, Jhansi, Kushinagar, Vrindavan and Meerut are some of the historic places to visit.

There are many attractions for Wildlife lovers. like ‘Dudhwa National Park’ Pilibhit Tiger Reserve National Chambal Sanctuary Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary Hastinapur. Wildlife Sanctuary’ to name a few. The state has some beautiful waterfalls as well like. Shabari Falls, Sidhnath Dari Falls, Vindham and Lakhaniya Dari Falls.

Uttar Pradesh is known for its sweet, sour, salty and spicy food.

Dal, roti, and vegetables is the traditional food here. Also, this state is known for it’s royal Awadhi cuisine of Biryani, Keema Dum, and Tunde Kebab. Sweets are part of the daily diet like Dahi-Jalebi, Rabri, Kulfi, and Balushahi.

Agriculture is the main industry of UP. The other major industries are Leather, Cement, Marble, Bangles, Vegetable Oil, Cotton Yarn, Sugar, Locks Carpet, Steel, Electronic items . DO you know that 70% of India’s Sugarcane comes from U.P. It is also the number one ‘Cast Bell’ exporter in the world.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Sitar maestro Ravi Shankar. Actors Amitabh Bachchan, Nawazuddin Siddiqui Singers – Kailash Kher, Abhijit Bhattacharya, Shubha Mudgal. and filmmakers – Anurag Kashyap, Vishal Bharadwaj are some of the well-known figures who belong to this land.

There so much to see in Uttar Pradesh. Winters is the best time to visit this state. i.e. from October till March. So that was all about the amazing state of Uttar Pradesh.

Today we have brought for you some facts of the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Well if you are living in the U.P then take a look. Uttar Pradesh is larger than the country United Kingdom and is India’s most populous state. So let’s see 10 more facts about Uttar Pradesh.

10. Location-

Uttar Pradesh, India’s northern most part of India, is the fourth largest state of India. The name of this state was so due to reason it lies northern part of the country. Due to the area-grown, this state is bordered with the boundaries not 4-5 but 9 other states.In addition to these states, Uttar Pradesh ,Nepal also seems to be lying in the border of the country.

9. Language and Culture-

Hindi is the most common language. In addition, in 1989, Urdu was adopted as the additional language of this state . Apart from these two languages, many local dialects in this state are also popular. Like- Bhojpuri, Braj language, Kannauji, Awadhi, Bundeli etc Of these.

the use of Avadhi and Braj language is also very popular in poetry. besides talk Poets, such as Surdas, Raskhana, Amir Khusro, have used these two languages in many of their poetry. The most famous of these is “Mera moori ki maakhan kheyo” of Surdas.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

Now let’s talk about the culture.

here Different folk songs are popular for different occasions in this state. Like- Thumri, Kajree, Sawani, Sohar, Birh, Qawwali, Risiya. Dhumri and Rasia often sing on the festivals associated with Lord Sri Krishna .Take pleasure of Sohar on the occasion of happiness and the song of Birh is meant to express the sadness of the mind.

The India’s famous dance kathak are related to Uttar Pradesh. Two of the three main houses of this dance are houses – Banaras Gharana and Lucknow Gharana is in Uttar Pradesh. In this state many festivals like Holi Diwali, Eid, Baravfat, Lath Maar Holi etc. are celebrated with glee. But the most important festival here is considered Chadha. In this the mother desires the sun god of prosperity of her children and families by staying in a fluid fast. This fast is completed in a four-day period.

8.History.

Uttar Pradesh In 1937. a number of small states formed in collaboration with the British named it as the United Provinces. After independence in 1950, the name of this state was changed to Uttar Pradesh In 2000, Uttaranchal state was created by separating hill areas from this state. India’s freedom struggle started from this state’s Meerut district. Gandhiji had decided to withdraw his non-co-operation movement after the Chauri Chaura incident in Gorakhpur district.

7. Uttar Pradesh’s politics.

From 1951 to 1967, there is a Congress-ruled government. In 1967, Chaudhary Charan Singh quit Congress and formed the Indian Revolutionary Party . and became the Chief Minister here Between 1967 and 1992. there was a lot of upheaval in the politics of this state Between 1992 and 2017.

the SP and the BSP kept their hold in Uttar Pradesh. and the politics here is in the grip of these two parties There was a change in the elections of 2017. and there was a BJP government in Lucknow. Here is a myth of politics that the party that wins the election in Hastinapur sits on the throne of Lucknow.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

6. Problems of U.P.

If the state is big, the problems will also be big,  Let’s talk about four main problems.

(a) Poverty- Uttar Pradesh comes in the 10 worst poorer states of India. Here nearly 30 percent of the population falls below the poverty line.

(b) Population- Though this state is the fourth largest state of India, it is the most populous state with a population of about 20 million. Due to such a large population there are no resources available per person here. The population here is the root of many problems here.

(c) Bad education system- The shortcomings of the education system here is that by giving more emphasis on book knowledge. the experimental knowledge is ignored.

(d) lack of skill- Due to lack of focus on the practice of education, youth here often have to face the lack of skill.

5. Solving Problem.

The problems of the state of Uttar Pradesh are linked to each other. and so are their solutions too The main problem here is that for the solution of the population. it is necessary for couples to get permission for only two children and the law will be strictly enforced.


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Restraining the increasing population will reduce the BPL rate. and the government will be able to do better for the poor. Under the Prime Minister Skill Development Scheme, the skill of the youth of this state has also improved. But if the educational system is given importance in the education system here. then the government will not have to fund the country on these schemes.

4. Big celebrities who are associated with Uttar Pradesh.

Many big photographs have emerged from this state. Like Amitabh Bachchan, who is called as Shahbah Shah of Bollywood. whose fame is Allahabad. Famous singers from the singing area like Kailash Kher, Ankit Tiwari, Talat Mahmud are residents of Uttar Pradesh.

Major Dhyanchand, who is called Indian hockey legend and Jitu Rai, who received the 2016 Khel Ratna, is also from this state. Birju Maharaj, a famous dancer from Kathak, is from Lucknow and is a representative of Kathak’s Allahabad family.

 

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

3. Tourist Places.

U.P. in Interstate Tourism First place is in place. The Kashi Vishwanath temple located in Banaras is believed to be one of the 12 Jyotirlingas Located in Banaras. Tulsi Manas Temple is where the walls are filled with verses and scenes of Ramcharit-Manas. Here are many beautiful buildings made by the Mughals in Agra city – like Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri.

It may not be the case of the tourist destinations of Uttar Pradesh if it do not mention of the big buildings. Located here, the Labyrinth has amazed all the tourists and architects for 200 years. If you are a lover of animals, then Dudhwa National Park which is in Lakhimpur Kheri and go to Lucknow Zoo. The Lucknow Zoo’s specialty is from orangutan which is found here only in the Zoo of Kanpur, all over India.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

2. Food and Drinks.

Generally there are roti, rice, lentils, raita, vegetables in the food of the people here. Here the use of Taav  on good occasions is unlucky. Therefore, people here on the festivals make poori, kachodis, pulao, different types of vegetables. Dietary differences are found in different areas of this state. The most famous food in U.P is Bati-Chokha. In the western districts of Uttar Pradesh drinking chach after eating is very common.

Mughalai food such as Kabab, Biryani, Nahari-Kulcha etc are very popular in Lucknow and nearby areas. Here Banarasi Pan is famous all over the country.

1.Some of the less known things of U. P.

(a) 8 of the 14 prime ministers of India are from Uttar Pradesh.

( b) Parijat tree Located in Kantur village of Barabanki. this tree is characterized by its flowers, which change their color during the day.

(c) Jagadguru Ram Bhadracharya Handicapped University Located in Chitrakoot. this university, is not only known in India but also the only university for the disabled people all over the world .

(d) Agra-Lucknow Expressway – 302 km With the length of this, it is India’s longest expressway.

(e) Third most secure state Although the crime rate of this state is highest. but seeing the per capital income and population, it is considered to be the third safest state.

Some city/tourist place in uttarpradesh.

Lucknow.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

Bailey gate-

‘which was made by Nawab Saddat Ali Khan in  the honour of John Bailey.who was a captain in the British army. sent here to become the first British resident here.let’s explore it furtherThe history of Residencygoes back to 1775.when the then Nawab of oudh. Sujaudaullah had agreed to allow a British resident in oudh.that was when the capital of Oudh was shiftedfrom Faizabad to Lucknow.

it took 5 years to complete and it was commisioned in 1800 in 1920. The Residency got protectionfrom the strokes of time. but not from the creativity of us, humansthe visitiors here have engraved their names on it little more of those wall scriblings here too. The Residency of Awadh has seen India closely since pre-independence times .

the revolt of 1857 the Decleration of Indian Independence in 1947 is still watching. India closely and is a haven for all the love birds of the city . let me tell you one thing  Awadh and have got a partner and want to make more use of this place than singles.

Bundelkhand.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

the next

stage of bundela diary which is KALINJAR… which is the corrupted form of word “KALANJAR” kalanjar means “the destroyer of death.” and that’s why from the name of Lord SHIVA..kalanjar name emerged and in 978 AD. this fort was built by king Chandra Barman. Its historical background is replete with numerous battles and invasions.

Sher shah suri conquered the fort in 1545 but soon met his death. here after then,

this fort was under the kingship of Akbar and Shah Jahan. and when Aurangzeb was in thrown, Maharaja Chatrasal fought and conquered the fort for the safety of the fort. 7 gates were built and main gate comes through kalinjar village. this Kalinjar fort can also be termed as KALJAYI “one is the destroyer of time. as many stones of pre-historic era are also found here.

also this fort finds its place in various Indian Vedas or puran here. Chandel kings ruled for the longest period of time..around 600 year also.mesmerizing lakes and other forts were build by the kings among which RAJA-RANI (king-queen). fort completely describes the ancient Indian architecture as we move towards its west we will spot “Baghin river.

which is the tributary of river Yamuna and from here we’ll get the beautiful view of kalinjar village also.

Its historical western part of the fort contains the temple of Neelkanth Mahadev. it is believed that after samudra manthan(churning of ocean) Hindu God, Lord Shiva, drank the poison and he came to Kalinjar to take some rest and overcame the ‘Kal’ i.e.he achieved victory over death .that is why name KALINJAR was given.

this temple was built by “nagas” here also we have ancient sculptures of god, goddesses, saints e.t.c. Chandelas have also beautifully built another temple from pillars there in some inscriptions. were also found from which we came to know that in 15 century following. the death of Sher Shahi his son Islam Shahi was crowned as king of Delhi. after this the beautiful sculptures and pillars of temples were taken out from there so as to use it in various mosques inside.

the Neelkhanth  have a shivlinga and water always flows from its throat.

Neelkanth temple there is statue of KAL BHAIRAVA. and just above it we have a water reservoir which is termed as SARPWAYA OR SARPROHAN LAKE. by local people and it is believed that after bathing here, skin disease of Kritivarman. was healed and this reservoir is fully covered with rocks .

Fatehpur sikri.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

the Buland Darwaza (Huge Gate) of Fatehpur Sikri.

This entrance is called Buland Darwaza. Its height is 176 feet. This historic place was the second capital city during the reign of Emperor Akbar. When Akbar sat on the throne of Mughal Empire, he was 13 years old. The 13 gumbad (domes) you can see on top of this gate symbolize that fact.

This is the main entrance. Chishti. Behind is the shrine of Hazrat Salim Chishti. Reportedly, it is with his blessings that Akbar’s Hindu wife, Jodhabai, gave birth to a son. Elated at the birth of his son, Akbar declared Fatehpur Sikri as his second capital.

dargah (shrine). This is the shrine of Hazrat Salim Chishti.

Devotees come here to have their wishes fulfilled. Thousands of devotees, whose wishes are fulfilled, offer a chadar (holy piece of cloth) at the dargah. Inside the dargah, the main sanctum is covered by a frame made of sandalwood.

This frame is further adorned with Mother of Pearls. You will see for yourself once you are inside. Hazrat Salim Chishti was a revered Sufi saint. He spent all his life in Fatehpur Sikri. He even died here in Fatehpur Sikri. This here is the ‘Badshahi Darwaza’ (Emperor’s entrance). exit from this door and go towards the palace of Queen Jodhabai.

which is there. You have to pay Rs. 40/-

as entrance fees to the Palace. However, there are no charges for Dargah visit. This whole monument is under the care of Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). You can hire ASI-appointed guides, right here from near the ticket counter. They charge Rs. 450/- for a 2-hour tour.

If you visit here and need a guide, you can come down to this place. You will get guides right next to the ticket counter. So,  now entering Jodhabai’s palace. here is the summer bedroom of Jodhabai’s palace. And the winter bedroom of the palace. In front is the temple where Jodhabai used to pray. And in that area, a documentary is shown to the tourists, free of cost.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

another significant location of the palace – Maryam Palace, also called ‘Sunehra makaan.’ Maryam was Akbar’s third wife and she was a Christian. Her palace is also very beautiful from inside. It also has painting in it. Jodhabai was a Rajput princess and she was a vegetarian. This used to be the separate kitchen of Jodhabai.

You can see this place is adorned with beautiful carvings, depicting earing/ornaments. This wall has a total of 156 designs on it. They might look similar but these are all different designs. And here is Akbar’s bedroom, known as ‘Khwaabgah.’ The emperor used to sleep here at night.  you see here is a talab (pond), known as Anup talab.

Here, Tansen, famous singer and one of the Navratnas of Akbar’s royal court,…. ….sang the famous Deepak Raag and lit lamps with his impressive singing. That small room in the corner used to be the bedroom of Akbar’s Muslim wife, Ruqaiya Begum. It is known as the Sheesh Mahal.

And this room is beautiful designed with intricate patterns. This palace of Ruqaiya Begum is adorned with Persian and Turkish architecture and design,….. ….considering her tastes as a Muslim woman. The roof above the staircase is adorned with wooden architecture.

You can see the designs depicting animals, a banyan tree here. which is national tree of India. Here is kalash, Tulsi. All these designs are depicted because Akbar was a secular person. So, you can see a mixture of designs inspired by all religions in the palace of his Muslim queen. Here is Ashoka Tree depicted.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

the Panchmahal. The Panchmahal is a five-storeyed monument. This was Emperor Akbar’s recreation place. On this side, this is the treasury palace of the Mughal empire. The Emperor used to store the royal wealth, including gems and jewelery, here in this treasury. This is a 3-room palace. The Emperor used to store the royal wealth here.

You can see boxes built inside these walls, where the jewelry etc. was kept safe. On the same side, there is another building, called Diwan-e-Khas (Special Court). The Navratnas of the Emperor’s court used to hold court in this palace. The Emperor used to hold court with his Navratnas while seated in the centre here.

Deen-i-Illahi Pillar, which depicts sacred symbols of all the religions. It has Persian, Christian, Muslim, Jainism, Buddhist & Mughal architectures depicted. Diwan-e-Aam, the Common Man’s court. Emperor Akbar used to listen to public grievances here and redress the same.

plaque depicting the history of Diwan Khana-i-Am.

The Emperor used to hold court for the commoners here. Apart from the common men, the verandah was reserved for the women folk. The area for women folk used to be covered with curtains. Emperor Akbar used to be seated there in the front, in the middle of the gallery.

He used to listen to public grievances here. People brought their problems, issues for redressal of the the Emperor.   need to walk a distance of 1 and a half kilometers from parking to the palace of Queen Jodhabai. You can also board a government bus deployed for ferrying tourists around this monument complex. You can board it after purchasing a ticket for Rs. 10/- for a one-side journey.

Jhansi.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

The entire country knows the name of Bundelkhand.  here along with Bundelkhand comes the name of Jhansi. On the Southern end of Uttar Pradesh . at the banks of Pahluj river is Jhansi . which is known as “Gateway of Bundelkhand” or “Bundelkhand ka dwaar”. The interesting stories of Bundelkhand is the biggest pride for the residents here. and among these stories one story is of Jhansi also.

Jhansi was earlier known as Balwant Nagar. Once upon a time when the king of Orchha was sitting as a guest in the Fort of Jaitpur During the conversation. he asked him that “Your majesty! Can you see our new Bangarh Fort from here?” On which the king of Jaitpur replied. that something Jhaisi Jhaisi i.e. blurry is visible and this story became popular.

among the people and through the word of mouth “Jhaisi” word changed to “Jhansi”. Made up of 20 foot broad walls, this Fort of Jhansi has total of 10 doors. which from every gate open in different directions. The Shiv temple visible from the main gate of the Fort. and also the Ganesh temple are very popular here.

other than that in 1857 the electric tank which was used is the main point of attraction for the people. From 1817-1854 Jhansi was the dominion of the Maratha kings. But its inception had started very early in 1728. Mohd. Khan Bangush had attacked the King Chhatrasaal .and then to save Bundelkhand came Peshwa Bajirao Rewarding the assistance of Peshwa Bajirao.

Uttar pradesh tourism and history

Jhansi and the Fort of Jhansi both were given to him by the king Chhatrasaal as a gift. In 1752,

Peshwa made Nanoshankar as Viceroy of Jhansi .In the 15 years of his working period Nano Shankar made the Fort of Jhansi more majestic . and for next many years Madhav Govind Kahinde, Baulal Kanhayi and Ramchandra Rao and other viceroys built here grand temples. and Forts and these Viceroys looked after the Fort In 1838

Gangadhar Rao became the King here and with his righteousness and generosity he took the entire charge of eradicating poverty from Jhansi .and Gangadhar Rao’s queen was the Banaras born Manikarnika Tambe . Manikarnika was well accomplished in horse racing, marks manship and malkhamb. Manikarnika was not a princess but her father used to work in the court of Peshwa. and Peshwa lovingly used to call Manikarnika as “Chhabili” Manikarnika, Manu or Chhabili all of these were the names of the Queen Lakshmi Bai .

She got the name of Lakshmi Bai after her marriage. After 9 years of marriage, Manikarnika and Gangadhar Rao had a son. but the time within 4 months took her son and the heir of Jhansi from her. This was not only a matter of grief but worry too because without a male heir in the state Doctrine Lapse would be implied.

Under Doctrine Lapse the state which was left without a heir that state was forfeited by the Britishers. Gangadhar Rao had fallen sick before his death. he had adopted his maternal cousin Damodar Rao and made him the heir of Jhansi. but after his death the Britishers declined to accept Damodar Rao as the heir of Jhansi. and gave an amount of mere 60,000 to Lakshmi Bai and ordered them to leave the Fort.

But Manu was not the one to cry during the bad times . but a warrior and in the entire nation rebellion had already started and this was the time when Manu picked up the sword and came to the war ground to fight for her property till her last breath until and unless the empowered woman has herself defined her..

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